Biotechnology is considered to be one of the most important and influential developments in modern science, though it has actually been occurring in more subtle forms for a very long time. It affects many areas of life from our healthcare to what we eat.

We will begin by looking at what biotechnology actually is and how it can benefit us in society. For example providing food to the world’s population through the use of GM crops and assisting in the creation of medicines which otherwise would be unavailable for the masses due to availability and price.

We will then look in detail at several different areas which have been influenced by biotechnology. These include, but are not limited to, agriculture, medicine, and gene selection. For considering the power biotechnology can have is crucial that we look at some of the moral issues surrounding their use, especially with regards to altering the human gene.

Penicillin, which was discovered by Alexander Flemming in 1928, is one of the most famous uses of biotechnology to date. Therefore, we will look at this issue specifically in great detail. Finally, we will consider the uses of the technology in the future. Though it might seem that we use biotechnology for many things, and of course we do, there are actually many more areas which could benefit from it. Just one of the interesting ways it could be used in the future is by turning CO2 into clean energy instead of burning fossil fuels as we do today.